IFEAT, in its continuing support of the industry, has provided the possibility for members to join learning programmes and studies on the many aspects of the essential oils and aroma trades.
Following the successful completion of the programmes, students are awarded the IFEAT Flavourist and Perfumery Diplomas.
IFEAT is supporting this programme of training modules which has been developed in association with the British Society of Flavourists. The Programme, held within the Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences at the University of Reading, will provide the foundation on which to build a career as a flavourist.
Full information and details of the next course will be posted on the university’s website: https://www.reading.ac.uk/food/shortcourses/foodbio-flavourist.aspx
If you require any further information, then please contact the Department on:
Tel: +44 (0) 118 378 8700, Fax: +44 (0) 118 931 0080 or email: email@example.com
Aroma Trades Studies (Perfumes and Flavours)
ICATS (The International Centre for Aroma Trades Studies) has been providing bespoke distance learning courses specifically designed for professionals in the global Aroma Trades industry (flavours and fragrances) for well over a decade.
Study on the ICATS programmes (which are aimed at postgraduate learners or those with industry experience) either leads to an industry-recognised full IFEAT Diploma in Aroma Trades Studies (Flavour or Fragrance), or certification for selected modules completed. Designed and written by world-leading industry experts it aims to suit all CPD needs within the Aroma Trades. All awards are validated by IFEAT and fully endorsed by The British Society of Perfumers, The British Society of Flavourists and IFRA UK.
If you would like any further information, then please contact: Sharon Heard, Course Administrator on:firstname.lastname@example.org
For information on this course, visit the course website at: www.icatsaromaeducation.com
Over the last few years IFEAT has given financial support for the participation of 20 young scientists students at the annual International Symposium on Essential Oils (ISEO). This annual scientific meeting of researchers and industrialists is a globally recognised forum for information on new technologies and natural raw materials of interest to the Flavour and Fragrance industry, especially essential oils and other natural complex substances (NCS). The IFEAT grant enables some of the top students from around the world to attend and ISEO has acknowledged the benefits of IFEAT funding. Indeed, the highly successful working cooperation between the two organisations will be further strengthened in the future as increased collaboration with sister industry associations is one of the focus areas for recently created IFEAT Scientific Coordinator position in order to continue benefiting the IFEAT membership and industry at large.
The 49th International Symposium on Essential Oils (ISEO) was held in Niš, Serbia from 13-16 September 2018 and attracted 133 participants from 31 countries worldwide. Once again IFEAT proudly sponsored the attendance of 20 young scientists: http://iseo2018.com/young-scientist-fellowship/
IFEAT received the following report and acknowledgment of its support:
The 59th International Symposium on Essential Oils (ISEO) will be held in Vienna, Austria from 8-11 September 2019. More information can be found on the ISEO 2019 website: www.iseo2019.com
INDUSTRY SUPPORT / IFEAT FUNDED PROJECTS
In recent years, the International Federation of Essential Oils & Aroma Trades (IFEAT) has been funding two projects: The Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) generally recognized as safe (GRAS) program; and the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM) project.
1. FEMA/IOFI SUPPORT PROJECT
Established in 1960, the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) GRAS program, is the most extensive and longest-running industry GRAS program. To date, over 2,800 flavor ingredients have been determined to be GRAS under their conditions of intended use as flavor ingredients consistent with the authority provided by the US Congress in the 1958 Food Additives Amendments and Section 201(s) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
The International Organisation of the Flavor Industry (IOFI) and the International Federation of Essential Oils and Aroma Trades (IFEAT) are jointly funding and driving an ongoing project to conduct GRAS re-affirmations of approximately 250 Natural Complex Substances (NCS). Given the long period since the original GRAS evaluation of many NCS materials it is important for the safety evaluation to capture the full variability of NCS regularly used in commerce. Begun in 2015, the work is being conducted in phases over several years. The chemical profiles and usage of NCS materials has been compiled into a database for examination by the FEMA Expert Panel. Similar materials have been grouped and those groups have been prioritized based on their usage as well as on their chemical and toxicological profiles.
For each NCS material, reports are generated summarising the constituent profile derived from the aggregated datasets, usage, exposure calculations and toxicological data for the safety evaluation. Further details on the procedure can be found elsewhere [,]. The results of the GRAS evaluations are then used as requested by global regulators and in accordance with the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA).
So far, the GRAS status of 44 NCS has been confirmed. A fourth call for data for the next phase of 68 NCS flavoring materials for evaluation in 2018 was issued in January 2018. For more about FEMA GRAS, visit: https://www.femaflavor.org/fema-gras
IFEAT members can refer to Sean Taylor’s paper entitled “FEMA GRAS Evaluation and Re-Evaluation of Flavouring Complex Mixtures”, which was presented at the IFEAT 2016 Dubai Conference:
 Smith, R.L., Adams, T.B., Cohen, S.M., Doull, J., Feron, V.J., Goodman, J.I., Hall, R.L., Marnett, L.J., Portoghese, P.S., Waddell, W.J., and Wagner, B.M. (2004) “Safety evaluation of natural flavour complexes”, Toxicology Letters, 149, 197 – 207.
 Smith, R.L., Cohen, S.M., Doull, J., Feron, V.J., Goodman, J.I., Marnett, L.J., Portoghese, P.S., Waddell, W.J., Wagner, B.M., Hall, R.L., Higley, N.A., Lucas-Gavin, C., and Adams, T.B. (2005) “A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils”, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 43, 345 – 363.
2. RIFM SUPPORT PROJECT
The International Federation of Essential Oils and Aroma Trades (IFEAT) and the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM) are collaborating on a project to assess the safety of selected Natural Complex Substances (NCS) following the updated RIFM Criteria Document. Indeed, a review of the RIFM database identified the need to generate additional data on several NCSs for the genetic toxicity endpoint to provide significant and important information for the assessment of these materials.
During evaluation of the NCS of interest, the genotoxicity assessment is either conducted by using data on the NCS proper or by application of the Threshold for Toxicological Concern (TTC). When no prior data is available, initial genotoxicity screening of the NCS begins by evaluation for cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in the Blue Screen HC assay. Materials concluded to be negative in the BlueScreen assay for genotoxicity are then evaluated further in the Reverse Bacterial Mutation test (Ames test; OECD TG 471) and subsequently in the in vitro micronucleus (OECD TG 487) assays using human peripheral blood lymphocytes (HPBL).
When the BlueScreen assay test results are positive each of the components of the NCS are evaluated in greater detail individually. In cases when an NCS is judged to be negative in the entire genotoxicity battery (BlueScreen, Ames and in vitro micronucleus) but contains a component that demonstrates mutagenic potential in one or more genotoxicity tests, the test result for the complete NCS takes precedence over results of the individual constituent for completion of the draft assessment.
The project began in 2014 and was extended for at least another 2 years in 2017. To date, 33 NCSs have been submitted for evaluation. Testing has been completed on 27 materials and the favourable news is that all were found to be negative for genotoxicity both with and without metabolic activation in the BlueScreen HC assay. Moreover, negative results were also reported in each case for the Ames and in vitro micronucleus tests. A further 26 materials have been identified for assessment starting in 2018. Collection of representative samples and accompanying documents has begun.
The final study reports and data resulting from these studies are included in the RIFM database. All IFEAT Members needing these study reports for a regulatory submission or similar uses will have unrestricted access.
IFEAT members can refer to Kim Bleimann’s paper entitled “Will All The Flowers Be Gone?”, which was presented at the IFEAT 2016 Dubai Conference:
History of the 40 years of IFEAT!
Read Peter Greenhalgh’s “History of IFEAT” series. The full version in a book was given as a gift at the Athens Fortieth Anniversary Conference 2017. Each of these articles has been included in recent issues of IFEATWORLD.